Abbreviations uk English

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A  B  C  D   E  F  G  H  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z
AA  African American; Alcoholics Anonymous
AAA  Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
ab, abd  abdominal
AB  abortion; antibody
ABG  arterial blood gas
ABP  arterial blood pressure
ABx  antibiotics
ac  ante cibium (before meals)
ACE-I  angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor
ACU  ambulatory care unit
ADA  American Diabetes Association
ADL  activity of daily living
Adm  admission
AE  air entry
AF  atrial fibrillation
AGN  acute glomerulonephritis; antigen
AI  aortic insufficieny
AICA  anterior inferior cerebellar artery
AKA  above-knee amputation
alb  albumin
Alc  alcohol
ALL  acute lymphocytic leukaemia
AMA  against medical advice
amb  ambulate
AMI  acute myocardial infarction
AML  acute myelocytic leukaemia
Amp  ampule
AND  axillary node dissection
Angio  angiography
AODM  adult onset diabetes mellitus
A & O  alert and orientated
A & P  assessment and plans; auscultation and percussion
APPY  appendectomy
ARB  angiotensin II receptor blocker
ARF  acute renal failure
AS  aortic (valvular) stenosis; (auris sinistra) left ear
ASA  (acetylsalicylic acid) aspirin
ASAP  as soon as possible
ASCVD  arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease
ASD  atrial septal defect
ATN  acute tubular necrosis
ATU  ambulatory treatment unit
AVJ  atrio-ventricular junction
AVR  aortic valvular replacement top
bd  (bis in die) twice a day
BE  barium enema
BIBA  brought in by ambulance
BKA  below-knee amputation
BLD  blood
BM  bowel movement; bone marrow
BP  blood pressure
BPH  benign prostatic hypertrophy
BR  bed rest
brady  bradycardia
BRBPR  bright red blood per rectum
BS  bowel sounds; breath sounds; blood sugar
BUN  blood urea nitrogen
BW  blood work
Bx  biopsy top
Ca  carcinoma
CABG  coronary artery bypass graft
CAD  coronary artery disease
Caps  capsule
CAT  computerized axial tomography
Cath  catheter
CBC  complete blood count
CC  chief complaint
C/C/E  clubbing, cynosis, edema
CDB  cough, deep breath
CF  cystic fibrosis
CGN  chronic glomerulonephritis
CHD  congenital heart disease
CHF  congestive heart failure
C(P)K-MB  creatinine (phosphor)kinase heart
CP  chest pain
CMV  cytomegalovirus
CN  cranial nerve(s)
CNS  central nervous system
CO  cardiac output
COAD  chronic obstructive airways disease
coags  coagulation
COPD  chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPR  cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPT  chest physiotherapy
Cr  creatinine
CRF  chronic renal failure
CS  caesarean section
CSF  cerebrospinal fluid
C.T.  chest tube
CVA  cerebrovascular accident
CVP  central venous pressure
CVS  cardiovascular system
CX  cervix
CXR  chest x-ray top
D (Brit.)  dioptre
D/C  discontinue; discharge
DD  differential diagnosis
decr  decreasing
DIC  disseminated intravascular coagulation
diff  differential count
Disch  discharge
disp  disposition
DJD  degenerative joint disease
DKA  diabetic ketoacidosis
DLE  disseminated lupus erythematosus
DM  diabetes mellitus
DNR  do not resuscitate
DOA  dead on arrival
DOB  date of birth
DOE  dyspnea on exertion
DPT  diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus (triple vaccine)
DR  delivery room
Ds  disease
Dsg  dressing
DT  delirium tremens
DTRs  deep tendon reflexes
DTV  due to void
DU  duodenal ulcer
DVT  deep vein thrombosis
Dx  diagnosis top
ECF  extracellular fluid
ECT  electroconvulsive therapy
EDC  estimated date of confinement
EF  ejection fraction
EGD  eosophagogastro-duodenoscopy
EJ  elbow jerk
EKG, ECG electrocardiogram
Eli  elimination
ENT  ear, nose, and throat department
ER  emergency room
ERCP  endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography
ESR  erythrocyte sedimentation rate
ESRD  end-stage renal disease
ESRF  end stage renal failure
EtOH  alcohol
ETT  endotracheal tube
Exam  examination
Ext  extremities top
F à N  finger-to-nose-test
F/C  fever and chills
F/U  follow-up
FB  foreign body
FBC  full blood count
FDP  fibrin degradation products
FEV1  forced expiratory volume in 1s
FFA  free fatty acids
FFP  fresh frozen plasma
FHx  family history
FISH  fluorescent in situ hybridization
fl. oz.  fluid ounce (ca. 28 ml)
FMF  fetal movements felt
FMP  first menstrual period
FOB  faecal occult blood
Fx  fracture
GA  general anesthesia
GB  gall bladder
GFR  glomerular filtration rate
GI(T)  gastrointestinal tract
Glc  glucose
GN  glomerulonephritis
GP  general practitioner
GS  group + screen
GTT  glucose tolerance test
GU  gastric ulcer; genitourinary
Gyn  gynecology top
H à S  heel-to-shin test
H & P  history and physical examination
HA  headache
HAL  hyperalimentation
HBP  high blood pressure
Hct  hematocrit
HCTZ  hydrochlorothiazide
HCVD  hypertensive cardiovascular disease
hd  (hora decubitus) at bed time
HEENT  head, ears, eyes, nose, and throat (were normal)
Heme (n)  hematest negative (…stools)
HH  hiatal hernia
HNV  has not voided
HPI  history of present illness
ht  height
HTN  hypertension
Hx  history top
I & O  intake and output
ICF  intracellular fluid
ICP  intracranial pressure
ICS  intercostal space
ICU  intensive care unit
ID  infectious disease
IDA  iron deficiency anemia
IDDM  insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
Inj  injury
INR  international normalized ratio (prothrombin time expressed in relation to normal value)
int  internal
IOP  intraocular pressure
IUD  intrauterine device; intrauterine death
IUP  intrauterine pregnancy
iv  intravenous
IVC  inferior vena cava
IVF  intravenous fluid
JACCOL  jaundice, anemia, cynosis, clubbing, oedema, lymphadenopathy
JODM  juvenile onset diabetes
JP  jugular pulse
JVD  jugular venous distension
JVP  jugular venous pressure
K+  potassium
KCL  potassium chloride
KUB  kidney, ureter, bladder top
L1  first lumbar vertebra
LA  lymphadenopathy; left atrium
Lab  laboratory
LAD  left axis deviation; left anterior descending
LAE  left atrial enlargement
LAH  left anterior hemiblock
Lap  laparotomy
LBBB  left bundle-branch block
LE  lower extremity
LFTs  liver function tests
Lig  ligament
LMD  local medical doctor
LMP  last menstrual period
LN  lymph node
LOC  loss of consciousness
LP  lumbar puncture
LPH  left posterior hemiblock
LV  left ventricle
LVF  left ventricular failure
Lytes  electrolytes top
M & M  morbidity and mortality (conference)
MAE  moves all extremities
MAL  midaxillary line
MCH  mean corpuscular haemoglobin
MCL  midclavicular line
MHCU  mental health care unit
MI  myocardial infarction; mitral incompetence
MIC  minimum inhibitory concentration
MMR  measles, mumps, and rubella (vaccine)
MR  mitral regurgitation; mental retardation
MRI  magnetic resonance imaging
MS  multiple sclerosis; mitral stenosis; mental status
MSU  midstream urine (culture)
MVP  mitral valve prolaps top
N/V/D/C  nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation
NABS  normal active bowel sounds
NBN  newborn nursery
NGTF  nasogastric tube feeding
NK(D)A  no known (drug) allergies
NPO  (nihil per orem) empty stomach
NS  normal saline; not significant
NSAID  nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug(s)
NSR  normal sinus rhythm
NSS  normal sterile saline
NTG  nitroglycerin 
OBGYN  obstretics and gynecology
OCP  oral combined pill
od  (omni die) every day
OM  otitis media
OPD  outpatient department
OR  operating room
OT  occupational therapy top
P & A  percussion and auscultation
PA  pulmonary artery; posteroanterior
PAP  pulmonary artery pressure
PAR  postanesthesia recovery
PC  (post cibum) after meals; presenting complaint; packed cells
PCN  penicillin
PD  peritoneal dialysis
PDA  patent ductus arteriosus
PDR  Physician’s Desk Reference (U.S.)
PE  pulmonary embolus; physical examination
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactice to light and accommodation
PET  positron emission tomography
PFTs  pulmonary function tests
PHx  past history
PI  present illness
PIH  pregnancy-induced hypertension
PM & R  physical medicine and rehabilitation (U.S.)
PMB  post-menopausal bleeding
PMC  pseudomembanous colitis
PMH  past medical history
PMI  point of maximal intensity; previous medical illnesses
PND  paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
po  (per orem) oral
PPD  packs per day; purified protein derivative (cutaneous test for tuberculosis); post partum
pr  (per rectum) rectal
PRBCs  packed red blood cells
Preme  premature infant
PRO-time prothrombin time
PSH  psychosocial history; past surgical history
PT  physical therapy; prothrombin time
PTA  prior to admission
PTT  partial thromboplastin time
PUD  peptic ulcer disease
PVC  premature ventricular contraction
PVD  peripheral vascular disease
P-Y  pack years  top
Qd  (quotidian) daily
qds  4 times a day
qhs  every night
qod  every other day
R/g/m  rubs/gallops/murmurs
r/o  rule out
RA  rheumatoid arthritis
RAD  right axis deviation
Rad hys  radical hysterectomy
RBBB  right bundle-branch block
RBC  red blood cells/count
RF  rheumatic fever; renal failure
RFA  reason for admission
ROS  review of systems
RR  respiratory rate
RRR  regular rate and rhythm
RVH  right ventricular hypertrophy
Rx  take prescription; treatment top
S/p  status post
S/S  signs and symptoms
S1,S2  first, second heart sound
SAH  subarachnoid hemorrhage
SB  small bowel
Sc  subcutaneously
SD  standard deviation
SE  saline enema
Sed sedimentation (U.S.)
SHx  social history
SI  sacroiliac joint
sl  sublingually
SLE  systemic lupus erythematosus
SLR  straight leg raising (Lasègue)
SNS  sympathetic nervous system
SOB(OE) short of breath (on exertion)
Sp. fl.  spinal fluid
Spec  specimen
SPEP  serum protein electrophoresis
Stat  (statim) immediately
STD  sexually transmitted disease
Supp  suppository
SVT  supraventricular tachycardia
Sx  symptoms
Sz  seizure top
T & A  tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
T & C  type and cross match
Tab  tablet
tachy  tachycardia
TB  tuberculosis
TCN  tetracycline
TEE  transesophageal echocardiography
Temp  temperature
TFTs  thyroid function tests
TGA  transposition of the great arteries
THR  total hip replacement
TIA  transient ischemic attack
TM  tympanic membrane
TNG  nitroglycerin (U.S.)
TOP  termination of pregnancy
TP  total protein
TPN  total parenteral nutrition
TPR  temperature, pulse and respirations
TV  tidal volume
Tx  transplantation; therapy top
UA  urinalysis
UE  upper extremity
URTI  upper respiratory tract infection
US  ultrasound
UTI  urinary tract infection
Vag  vaginal
VC  vital capacity
VD  venereal disease
vd  void
VF  ventricular fibrillation
VIP  voluntary interruption of pregnancy
VPB  ventricular premature beats
VS  vital signs 
VSD  ventricular septal defect
VSS  vital signs stable
W/C  wheelchair
WB  whole blood
WCC  white cell count
WN  well nourished
WNL  within normal limits top
YO  years old




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